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Cyperaceae family biology discussion

The Cyperaceae are a family of graminoid (grass-like), monocotyledonous flowering plants known as sedges.The family is large, with some 5,500 known species described in about 90 genera, the largest being the true sedges genus Carex with over 2,000 species. These species are widely distributed, with the centers of diversity for the group occurring in tropical Asia and tropical South America Cyperaceae (sedges) represent the third largest monocot family in terms of species diversity, after Orchidaceae (orchids) and Poaceae (grasses), with c. 90 genera and c. 5,500 species (Govaerts et al. 2018).The family has an almost cosmopolitan distribution (Simpson et al. 2011), and occupies a broad range of habitats from rain forests to tundra (Bruhl 1995; Smith et al. 2009; Simpson et al.

Department of Biology (Botany), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Non-natural groups defined by morphological data are known all over Cyperaceae family due to the effect of homoplasy or symplesiomorphy (e.g., Larridon et al., 4 Discussion 4.1 Phylogenetic. Cronquist (1968) considered that the families are also related on account of some chemical data. Hegnauer (1963) has also supported the same view. Hutchinson (1959) believes that the origin of Grasses i.e., the family Poaceae (Gramineae) took place on parallel line with Cyperaceae through Juncaceae which was derived directly from Liliforean stock Kukkonen, I. 1967. Gedanken und Probleme zur Systematik der Familie Cyperaceae. Eine Zusammenfassung Untawale, A.G. 1989. Contribution to the embryology of Fimbristylis Vahl with a brief discussion on its systematic Embryogeny in some Cyperaceae II. Beitr. Biol. Pflanz. 47: 215-227, 70 fig. Google Scholar. Simpson, D. 1995.

Biology:Cyperaceae - HandWik

The family is commonly called carrot family. It was also named as Umbelliferae. It includes 295 genera and 2,850 species according to Willis. In India the family is represented by 180 species and 30 genera. The plants are distributed almost throughout the world except the arctic regions Division of family and chief genera: The Commelinaceae is divided into two sub-families and each with two tribes: Sub-family I. Commelinoideae: Guard cells mostly 4. Flowers zygomorphic. Tribe (i) Declinateae: Flower buds bent downwards and away from the inflorescence axis. Examples: Commelina, Floscopa etc. Tribe (ii) Inclinateae In the family Cyperaceae, the first C 4 evolution (Bulbostylis) has likely occurred between 19.6 (± 4.9) and 10.1 (± 3.6) Ma, but the other C 4 appearances all arose during the last 12 My , making C 4 sedges generally younger than their grass counterparts (Christin, Besnard, et al. 2008)

Phylogeny and Systematics of Cyperaceae, the Evolution and

  1. The cosmopolitan family Cyperaceae (Poales) contains 104-122 genera containing ca. 5,000 species, with the species diversity corresponding to 23 % of Poales (Bruhl 1995; Goetghebeur 1998; Govaerts et al. 2007).Sedges have been used for various purposes such as in medicine, as food, and as materials for craftwork (Simpson 2008).. One of the most extensive taxonomic studies on Cyperaceae was.
  2. Cyperaceae and Poaceae have traditionally been treated as related families (Cronquist, 1981). Recent cladistic analysis using molecular and morphological data confirms a closer relationship with Juncaceae, with the sedge clade consisting of Cyperaceae, Juncaceae, and Thurniaceae (Chase et al.,2000). Many species of Cyperaceae are heliophytes
  3. INTRODUCTION. The sedge genus Carex contains approx. 2000 species, making it one of the most species-rich angiosperm genera (Reznicek, 1990).The sedge family (Cyperaceae) exhibits diffuse centromeres (holocentric or holokinetic chromosomes), pseudomonad origin of pollen (except in the subfamily Mapanioideae; Simpson et al., 2003) and post-reductional meiosis (reviewed in Hipp et al., 2009)
  4. Euphorbiaceae Characters , formula , floral diagram & economic Importance is discussed in this biology article. Habit: Annual perennial Herbs, shrubs, or tree; most of plants are xerophytic; presence of milky juice
  5. Members of the Cyperaceae family exhibit an asymmetric microsporogenesis that results in the degeneration of three out of four meiotic products. Efforts have been made previously to describe the resulting structure, named the pseudomonad, but mechanisms concerning the establishment of cell domains, nuclear development, and programmed cell death are largely unknown
  6. The genus Carex L. belongs to the Cyperaceae family and is an enormous genus. It is one of the most vital genera of vascular plants in the environment [], with more than 2000 species widespread all over the world [] and nearly 500 species in China [].Carex species are widely used as a ground cover for home lawns as well as for slope stabilization in many parts of the world because of cold and.

The Australian Journal of Botany is an international journal publishing original research encompassing all plant groups including fossil plants. Plant science areas covered by the scope are as follows: ecology and ecophysiology, conservation biology and biodiversity, forest biology and management, cell and molecular biology, palaeobotany, reproductrive biology and genetics, mycology and. C 4-linked positive selection on this gene is tested using phylogenetic analyses of commelinoid monocots including all known major C 4 lineages in the Poaceae and Cyperaceae families (Sage 2004; Bruhl and Wilson 2007; Christin et al. 2008). Sites that underwent adaptive changes in C 4 plants are identified and compared among C 4 lineages The split of the two major lineages within the Entorrhizales (corresponding to the genera Entorrhiza and Juncorrhiza) took place somewhat later than the split between the host families Cyperaceae and Juncaceae, which was estimated to have happened during the Late Cretaceous and Paleogene according to recent datings [Cyperaceae—82.3 Mya (73.7-87.6 Mya), Juncaceae—71.8 Mya (51-87 Mya. Juncaceae and Cyperaceae are two families of monocotyledonous plants in which holocentric chromosomes are a synapomorphy (Greilhuber, DISCUSSION C-value and its influence on karyotype differentiation. From the point of view of karyotypes and chromosomal biology,. Our aim is to understand the evolution of species-rich plant groups that shifted from tropical into cold/temperate biomes. It is well known that climate affects evolutionary processes, such as how fast species diversify, species range shifts, and species distributions. Many plant lineages may have gone extinct in the Northern Hemisphere due to Late Eocene climate cooling, while some tropical.

This page was last edited on 14 April 2021, at 18:40. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply Carex section Schoenoxiphium (Cariceae, Cyperaceae) is endemic to the Afrotropical biogeographic region and is mainly distributed in southern and eastern Africa, with its center of diversity in eastern South Africa. The taxon was formerly recognized as a distinct genus and has a long history of taxonomic controversy. It has also an important morphological and molecular background in particular.

Revisiting of Carex sect

Poaceae: Characters, Distribution and - Biology Discussio

Cyperaceae SpringerLin

Morphological, embryological, and palynological studies support the retention of Kyllinga as a genus distinct from Cyperus. Aspects of the life history of Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb are described The anther wall is four-layered The endothecial cells develop spiral thickenings and globular markings. Some cells of the secretory tapetum later become binucleate No dicot family is strictly C 4, and in all cases, the number of C 4 genera and species present in a family are in the minority, usually by a large degree. Only 4 dicot families (Amaranthaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Molluginaceae, Zygophyllaceae ) have more than 10% C 4 representation at the generic and species level, whereas seven families have only one identified genus with C 4 species

Discussion. Our phylogenetic tree of Cyperaceae CenH3 is congruent with the species phylogenies of Cyperaceae based on multiple nuclear and chloroplast markers (Márquez-Corro et al., 2019; Semmouri et al., 2019), suggesting that our dataset does not contain paralogous sequences resulting from ancient duplications.It is possible that our primers simply did not recognize potential paralogs 4 Discussion The historical biogeography and ecological diversification of Cyperaceae is evident in the distribution of sedge diversity across the climatically heterogeneous USA and Canada. In incorporating hundreds of thousands of herbarium species and data gleaned from online databases and floras, we document the structure of diversity across this large spatial scale for the first time Island biology Allan Sørensen Allan Timmermann, Ana Maria Martín Numerically the vegetation is dominated by Poaceae (Grass Family), Cyperaceae (Sedge Family), and Juncaceae (Rush Family) (Hagerup 1951 S., and Hytteborn, H,. (2001). A contribution to the discussion of biota dispersal with drift ice and driftwood in the North Atlantic. Cyperus rotundus Linn, which belongs to the Cyperaceae family, is a traditional herbal medicine that has been widely studied for its antiviral properties. In this study, a computational approach was used to screen natural compounds from C. rotundus Linn using BIOVIA Discovery Suite and novel potential molecules against M pro of SARS-CoV-2 were predicted Data Matrix. Taxa were selected to represent adequately all families of Poales. For the two largest families Cyperaceae and Poaceae, genera were chosen to represent the basal lineages as reconstructed by Musaya et al. (2000) and GPWG (2001), respectively.Within Poaceae five genera of the earliest diverging lineages Anomochlooideae, Pharoideae, and Puelioideae are included

Cyperaceae are usually regarded as non-mycorrhizal, but the frequent observation of mycorrhizal fungi in their roots, sometimes even with arbuscules (Muthukumar et al. 2004; Veselkin et al. 2014a), has caused some authors to propose a possible classification of Cyperaceae as variable non-mycorrhizal-arbuscular mycorrhizal (NM-AM) family (Brundrett 2009) Medicinal Properties of Cyperus Species (Sedge Family, Cyperaceae) by Lata Maishaya Udari THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE -BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES IN THE GRADUATE SCHOOL, EASTERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY CHARLESTON, ILLINOIS 2018 I HEREBY RECOMMEND THAT THIS THESIS BE ACCEPTED A

While Cyperaceae have been inferred to have arisen in South America at the late Cretaceous, it was the migration of the ancestors of Carex to the Northern Hemisphere that was the catalyst for the major diversification of this lineage (Léveillé-Bourret et al., 2014, 2015, 2018a, 2018c; Spalink et al., 2016b) A recent molecular phylogenetic study revealed four distinct evolutionary lineages in the genus Costularia s.l. (Schoeneae, Cyperaceae, Poales). Two lineages are part of the Oreobolus clade of tribe Schoeneae: the first being a much-reduced genus Costularia s.s., and the second a lineage endemic to New Caledonia for which a new genus Chamaedendron was erected DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4868.4.7 Corpus ID: 229173725. A newly available database of an important family of phytophagous mites: Tenuipalpidae Database. @article{Castro2020ANA, title={A newly available database of an important family of phytophagous mites: Tenuipalpidae Database.}, author={E. Castro and N. Mesa and R. J. Feres and G. J. de Moraes and R. Ochoa and J. Beard and P. R. Demite. Taxonomic Notes. Synonyms: Rynchospora corniculata, orthographic variant Varieties: R. corniculata' var. interior Fernald Description. R. corniculata is a perennial graminoid of the Cyperaceae family native to North America.. Distribution. R. corniculata is found in the southeastern corner of the United States.. Ecology Habitat. R. corniculata proliferates in pondcypress savannas in Carolina.

Cyperaceae differs from other C4 families in one primary re-1 Manuscript received 5 May 2000; revision accepted 20 July 2000. The authors thank Mr. K. Masumira and Dr. Osamu Ueno for providing material of Rhynchospora rubra, Dr. James O. Berry for providing PEPCase antibody, Dr. Ronald E. Dengler for helpful discussion, Ruchira Sud and Juli Cyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) is one of the world's worst weeds as it can cause great damage to crops and crop production. To eradicate C. esculentus, early detection is key—a challenging task as it is often confused with other Cyperaceae and displays wide genetic variability. In this study, the objective was to classify C. esculentus clones and morphologically similar weeds. Pay Method Hourly. Salary$13.73 to $19.51. Works in conjunction with project leader and other personnel. Performs manual, routine, semi-skilled, and skilled tasks supporting the weed science program. Position includes work in a genetics, greenhouse, and field laboratory and involves greenhouse and laboratory research Discussion. Cyperaceae (sedges), Restionaceae (rushes) and Juncaceae (reeds), similar to Proteaceae, occur on some of the poorest soils in the south-west of Western Australia (Lamont, 1981; Meney et al., 1993)

We referred to the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP; Govaerts et al., 2020) to guide nomenclature and authorities for the Cyperaceae taxa considered in this study. The 152 species of Schoenus included in our list include those accepted by the WCSP, as well as several new species published within the last two years that have yet to be added to the WCSP website (see Appendix S1 ) A ligule (from Latin: ligula strap, variant of lingula, from lingua tongue) is a thin outgrowth at the junction of leaf and leafstalk of many grasses (Poaceae) and sedges.A ligule is also a strap-shaped extension of the corolla, such as that of a ray floret in plants in the daisy family Asteraceae In the Cyperaceae family, which is the largest group of holocentric plants, chromosomes vary from n = 2 to n = 108 (Roalson, 2008). Although the lowest chromosome number in angiosperms is found in Rhynchospora tenuis ( n = 2), we can also find extraordinarily very high chromosomes numbers in other genera within this family, for instance in Carex ( Wieclaw et al., 2020 ) and Cyperus ( Roalson. 1 Introduction. Based on molecular DNA and morphological studies we presented a generic classification and hierarchical tree with detailed relationships of all subfamilies, tribes, and subtribes within the Poaceae (Soreng et al., 2015b).In the same year a comprehensive treatment of the Poaceae was completed by Kellogg that included, in addition to a generic classification outlining. The ultrastructural studies with C 4 Cyperaceae conducted in species from the four Kranz types have mainly examined species of tribe Cypereae (chlorocyperoid) and tribe Abildgaardieae (fimbristyloid) (Carolin et al. 1977 Carolin, R.C.; Jacobs, S.W.L. & Vesk, M. 1977. The ultrastructure of Kranz cells in the family Cyperaceae

Cyperus esculentus produces large amounts of oil as one of the main oil storage reserves in underground tubers, making this crop species not only a promising resource for edible oil and biofuel in food and chemical industry, but also a model system for studying oil accumulation in non-seed tissues. In this study, we determined the chloroplast genome sequence of the cultivated C. esculentus. Caustis deserti, commonly known as desert twig-rush, is a sedge that is native to a small area in the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia to the east of Kalgoorlie.. References ↑ Caustis deserti Have you ever wondered why some flowers bloom in bunches while some others bloom vertically? No, that is no magic! There is pure science behind it. You must be aware of the term inflorescence. In this chapter, we will study more about inflorescence. We will also look at the various inflorescence types

Phylogenetic insights into New World Cyperus (Cyperaceae

Cyperus rotundus (coco-grass, Java grass, nut grass, purple nut sedge or purple nutsedge, red nut sedge, Khmer kravanh chruk) is a species of sedge (Cyperaceae) native to Africa, southern and central Europe (north to France and Austria), and southern Asia.The word cyperus derives from the Greek κύπερος, kyperos, and rotundus is from Latin, meaning round Cyperaceae are the 2nd and 3rd largest family respectively. Figure 5. Ten dominant families Table 1. Percentage of families, genera and species of dicots and monocots are represented below Groups Families Genera Species No. % No. % No. % Dicotyledones 40 78.76 88 75.52 123 73.73 Monocotyledones 16 21.24 57 24.47 78 26.2 This page was last edited on 6 February 2020, at 16:48. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply International Journal of Plant Research 2015, 5(3): 51-56 DOI: 10.5923/j.plant.20150503.01 . Root and Aerial Parts Flavonoids of 3 Iranian . Care Distribution pattern. This family is distributed throughout the world. It has 600 genera and 10,000 species. There are 158 genera and 492 species of this family in Pakistan. Common species. Triticum vulgare, wheat. Zea mays, corn. Avena sativa, Oryza sativa, rice

Rubiaceae: Characters, Distribution - Biology Discussio

Correlated evolution of genome size and chromosome number in Eleocharis. Genome size was measured using flow cytometry (see Methods). For most of the analyzed species, genome size is presented here for the first time (Table 1).The somatic DNA quantities estimated for E. acicularis (Table 1) differ significantly from those reported in the Plant DNA C-values database (0.50 pg []) Introduction. Carex L. (Cariceae Pax; Cyperaceae Juss.) is an enormous genus (c. 2000 species) equalled in species diversity only by Euphorbia L. and Piper L. (Frodin 2004).It is also of global importance as one of the few truly cosmopolitan plant genera with centres of diversity in the temperate regions of Asia, Europe and the Americas.. Throughout its range, Carex is found in a multitude of. This page was last edited on 6 February 2020, at 16:24. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply Discussion Implications for the distribution of cyperids Our results showed that the holocentric : monocentric cover ratio increased with the dose of UV-B radiation across Europe (Fig. 3 ; Table 1 ), suggesting that the previously reported ability of the holocentric chromosomes of cyperids to mitigate UV-B stress (Zedek et al ., 2020 , 2021 ) may, indeed, be turned into a competitive advantage

This page was last edited on 29 June 2020, at 10:53. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply This page was last edited on 28 February 2020, at 08:47. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply Although the Cyperaceae are similar in appearance to grasses (family Poaceae) and placed in the same order, there is a growing body of evidence that suggests that the closest relatives of Cyperaceae are the rushes (family Juncaceae ). The Cyperaceae are grasslike herbaceous plants found especially in wet regions throughout the world Cyperaceae: Taxonomy navigation › Poales. All lower taxonomy nodes (3,082) Common name i-Synonym i-Other names i ›sedge family: Rank i: FAMILY: Lineage i › cellular organisms › Eukaryota. family_cyperaceae has definitions from the fields of biology,botany . 1: [ noun ] (biology,botany) bulrush; chufa; cotton grass; papyrus; umbrella plan

Combretaceae: Characters, Distribution and Type

Aphid families and subfamilies, their biology and morphology. InfluentialPoints.com. Biology, images and maple (Aceraceae) families. The hosts of the Siphini are mainly grasses (Poaceae), but some feed on sedges (Cyperaceae) or rushes Un Tamalia nouveau de Californie (USA) Discussion sur les Tamalinae subfam. Nov. (Hom. Aphididae. Both sedges (family Cyperaceae, approximately 4000 species) and rushes (family Juncaceae, approximately 400 species) have linear leaves with parallel veins with inconspicuous flowers. 17 Sedges have solid, nonjointed, and often triangular stems compared with the hollow, round, jointed stems of grasses

Cyperaceae and Family Cyperaceae. overview; mutual synonyms; collocations; The terms cyperaceae and family Cyperaceae are synonyms (terms with similar meaning).. The noun Cyperaceae can be replaced with noun Family Cyperaceae in some context Aspects of the reproductive biology are presented for ten species of the tribe Schoeneae, Cyperaceae. Gahnia clarkei , G. insignis , G. melanocarpa , Lepidosperma clipeicola , L Cyperaceae family. On the last few years, several researches about the biology, distribution physiology and conservation of this species have been made. This is a review of the available information about the biology of this species. Moreover the management and menaces of this species on the central coast of Peru are analyzed Den Cyperaceae familien er den 10. største plantefamilie på jorda. De fleste artene i familien vokser i fuktig til våtrom. Det vanlige navnet for Cyperaceae familien er starr, som er det vanlige navnet på mange arter. Andre vanlige arter navn inkludere rush og bulrush. Medlemmer av Cyperaceae familien vokse over hele verden Cyperaceae | Plantz Africa Cyperaceae Family: Cyperaceae Common names: sedges (Eng.); biesies (Afr.) Introduction A large, cosmopolitan family of mostly herbaceous plants, Cyperaceae occur primarily in moist temperate to wet tropical regions of the world; several species are of economic importance. Description Descriptio

Your Cyperaceae Family stock images are ready. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Use them in commercial designs under lifetime, perpetual. COMPARATIVE REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY IN SEDGES (CYPERACEAE: SCHOENEAE) Margaret A. Wheeler4B and Jeremy J. Bruh,/4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Gahnia clarkei, G. melanocarpa,. Within the Cyperoideae, which comprise all Cyperaceae except the Mapanioideae, several questions of homology are discussed and reinterpreted based on results of our SEM and LM floral ontogenetic studies. In all species studied, spikelets are interpreted as being indeterminate, with spirally to distichously arranged glumes, each subtending (or not) a flower. Floral development starts with the.